Growing bamboo can be an immensely enjoyable and satisfying hobby. It’s a hobby that requires you to learn a whole lot about the vast world of bamboo, and one that will involve a great deal of decision-making. Two of the biggest decisions are always going to be: what bamboo should I buy next, and where should I plant it? There will always be restrictions based on your climate, the size and layout of your garden, and your own personal preferences. And inevitably, there are going to be shady corners of the garden where you’re just not sure what to plant. So you might ask, can I grow bamboo in the shade? And if so, which varieties will be best?

Yes, you can grow bamboo in the shade. And there are certainly some bamboo species that prefer more shade than others. But it will also depend on your climate. In very hot regions, most bamboo will benefit from at least a bit of shade. In colder climates, you will need to be more selective about what goes in the shade. Generally, some of the most shade-loving varieties of bamboo belong to the genera Fargesia and Borinda. Shorter, ground cover types of bamboo are also going to tolerate more shade, namely genera like Pleioblastus, Sasa and Sasaella.

In the following article — first published in August 2020 and most recently updated in March 2024 — we’ll go into more depth about growing bamboo in the shade, and identify some specific varieties that are most likely to perform better under those conditions.

Botanical nameCommon nameBrief description
Borinda fungosaChocolate bambooClumping bamboo with burgundy culms, 15-25 feet tall
Chimonobambusa tumidissinodaWalking StickRunning bamboo with interesting nodes, 10-30 feet tall
Fargesia papyrifera Blue DragonCold hardy, clumping bamboo with colorful culms
Himalayacalamus hookerianusHimalayan BlueGraceful, clumping bamboo, colorful culms 12-18 feet tall
Indocalamus tessellatusGiant LeafShort, compact, clumping bamboo with large leaves
Pleioblastus pygmaeusDwarf fern leafDwarf, running bamboo, green leaves, pencil-sized culms
Pseudosasa japonicaArrow bambooVigorous runner, 10-15 feet tall, cold hardy to 0º F
Sasa veitchiiKuma bamboo grassDwarf bamboo, running variety, deep green leaves
Sasaella masamuneana AlbostriataRunning ground cover bamboo with white stripes

Ins and outs of growing bamboo in the shade

There are a few reasons why you might want to plant bamboo in the shade. It could be a matter of necessity, based on limited sunlight in your garden. Or if you live in the desert, it might simply be advisable to give your bamboo a little shelter from the beating sun. Or you might just be attracted to a certain variety of bamboo that prefers less sunlight.

The fact is, bamboo is a grass, and like most grasses, bamboo needs a lot of sunlight. Plants use chlorophyll and photosynthesis to turn sunlight into food, and as such, sunlight is essential. Plants don’t grow in the dark. Sunlight also has a way of deterring some of those shade-loving insects that like to dwell on indoor plants and in the cooler corners of the garden.

Some plants have less chlorophyll than others, and that’s true of certain bamboos as well. Less chlorophyll means the vegetation will be less green, and it often means they will want less sunlight. Indirect sunlight will be enough to satisfy the appetite of their limited chlorophyll. Consequently, you’ll find that some of the more shade-tolerant bamboos have pale and blueish hues in the leaves, and others have white stripes. These are characteristics that can add interest to an otherwise deep green garden. But you can also find shade-loving bamboo with most vibrant, green foliage.

And if you’re trying to grow bamboo in a desert, where sunshine is overly abundant and water is scarce, a little shade will help them to conserve their water supply and to avoid overheating.

Varying amounts of shade and sunlight can also affect other features of your bamboo plant. Extra shade will usually affect the color of the leaves, sometimes resulting in deeper greens. It can also bring out different colors in the culms, stunning shades of blue, red or purple, depending on the species. More or less shade can change or amplify the stripes on variegated bamboos as well.

Finally, culm internodes tend to grow longer when bamboo is in the shade. It is easiest to observe all these interesting differences when one part of a bamboo plant gets more shade than another part of the same plant. So keep an eye on all corners of your garden, and see what kind of surprises turn up.

Prepare yourself! Take a look at some essential tools on our recommended list of bamboo gardening supplies.

Best types of bamboo for the shade

A great variety of bamboos will grow very well in the shade. And the ideal amount of shade, whether full or partial, will depend on other weather factors in your locality. But if you’re looking for some bamboo to plant in one of your shady garden corners, the following list will give you a great place to start.

Borinda fungosa chocolate bamboo 2
Chocolate Bamboo stands out with its colorful culms. (Photo by Fred Hornaday)

Genus Borinda

This is an unusual genus of clumping bamboo with just eight species. Until recently, members of Borinda were classified as either Fargesia or Yushania. Native to the Himalayan regions of Bhutan, Nepal and southern China, these are generally a cold hardy, shade-tolerant and very decorative assortment of bamboos.

Some of the most interesting and attractive species of Borinda include Borinda fungosa, also called “Chocolate Bamboo”, a weeping variety with deep reddish-brown culms, and B. papyrifera with its powdery blue culms. B. boliana is one of the largest bamboos in this genus, growing 20-30 feet tall, with gracefully arching culms.

Most Borinda species prefer cooler climates, and about a half day of sun. They are generally cold-hardy down to around 10º F. Not recommended for hot, southern climates.

Chimonobambusa tumidinoda
Walking Stick Bamboo (Chimonobambusa tumidissinoda) thrives in partial shade with ample irrigation.

Chimonobambusa tumidissinoda

The unusually pronounced nodes of Chimonobambusa tumidissinoda have made it a special choice for crafts, especially walking sticks, and hence its common name, Walking Stick Bamboo. In addition to the shapely culms, this species also has very delicate and lacy leaves, producing a very elegant and unique appearance.

This is a running variety, but not a terribly aggressive one. It’s not easy to come by, but it makes a fine addition to any bamboo garden. Walking Stick bamboo can grow 10 to 20 feet tall and is cold hardy down to 5º or 10º F. This makes it a good option for many areas, and it definitely prefers to grow in the shade.

Close cousin to Walking Stick Bamboo, Square Bamboo (Chimonobambusa quagrangularis) has similar requirements and characteristics, and will also do well in the shade. The angular shape of the culms makes this species especially interesting.

As with any running bamboo, we strongly suggest using a rhizome barrier to prevent the plant from overtaking your garden. Check out our recommended list of Bamboo Gardening Supplies.

Fargesia nitida Hornaday
Fargesia nitida is one of several popular ornamentals from this cold-hardy genus. (Photo by Fred Hornaday)

Genus Fargesia

The Chinese and montane genus Fargesia includes several dozen species of bamboo. They are most notable for being clumping bamboos which are also cold-hardy. Most cold hardy bamboos tend to be runners, so this is a rather unusual combination. In addition to being adaptable to cold climates, many varieties of Fargesia also do very well in the shade. Many species grow indigenously in higher altitudes on the eastern slopes of the Himalayas. Some of the more popular species include Fargesia murielae, F. nitida, F. papyrifera and F. rufa.

Himalayacalamus hookerianus SFBG
Himalayacalamus hookerianus at the San Francisco Botanical Gardens. (Photo by Fred Hornaday)

Himalayacalamus hookerianus

The richly colored, powdery blue culms give this bamboo an especially attractive appearance. Indigenous to the mountains of China, it also does well in warmer and subtropical regions. No surprise then that it’s commonly known as Himalayan Blue.

Native to southern latitudes and high altitudes, H. hookerianus does especially well in the shade, particularly when grown in hotter regions. More shade will also cause the plant to produce bluer culms, which most gardeners consider desirable. This is a clumping variety that can get 20-30 feet tall.

For further enjoyment, the fresh shoots of Himalayan Blue are edible and are said to be quite tasty.

Indocalamus latifolius France Hornaday
Indocalamus latifolius thrives in the shady understory of a French garden. (Photo by Fred Hornaday)

Indocalamus tessellatus

This exceptional species of bamboo makes a fabulous addition to any enthusiast’s collection. Often referred to as Giant Leaf Bamboo, it has the largest leaves of any bamboo variety. While the plant itself only gets about 6-8 feet tall, the leaves have been known to grow as much as 2 feet long and 4 inches wide.

The gigantic leaves make for a bushy appearance, also useful as an effective and eye-catching privacy hedge. An especially good choice when a low hedge is all you need. The plant is a runner, but not very aggressive. As a runner, it’s also quite cold-hardy, down to about -10º F. And it loves to grow in the shade.

Other members of the genus, such as Indocalamus latifolius, have similar properties, making them suitable for a low hedge. They have smaller culms growing close together, and dense foliage, although the leaves aren’t quite as large.

Pleioblastus variegatus bamboo species

Genus Pleioblastus

A popular genus of bamboo that includes a few dwarves, semi dwarves and striped species, these are vigorous runners and also fairly cold hardy. For the smaller, more shade-tolerant species, look to P. pygmaeus, P. variegatus, and P. fortunei. These modestly sized bamboos can serve as great companion plants under a shady canopy, among larger shade-producing bamboos, Mugo pines and Japanese maples. But be careful to plant a root barrier, or else be prepared to see them spread.

Pseudosasa japonica Arrow bamboo in Spain
Pseudosasa japonica is a resilant bamboo that does well in many conditions. (Photo by Fred Hornaday)

Pseudosasa japonica

A very popular variety, Pseudosasa japonica earned the nickname Arrow Bamboo from its long, strong, straight poles, which Samurai warriors once used to make arrows. Today it’s a great choice for planting in shady corners of the garden. Also, though technically classified as a runner, it tends not to spread quite as aggressively as some running bamboo. The broad green leaves also make this a very vibrant and attractive specimen.

Arrow bamboo can tolerate shady areas, especially in a hot, dry habitat. It also likes to be well watered. So try to keep it in a shady area that gets a lot of water runoff. More shade tends to make the leaves turn a deeper shade of green, which looks very pretty.

This is an excellent candidate for privacy screens as it grows thick and dense. Its height, usually about 12 to 16 feet, makes it more manageable as well. An especially good choice for privacy hedges with height restrictions.

Bamboo Genus Sasa palmata
Sasa palmata is a Japanese variety that grows well in the shade of taller trees. (Photo by Fred Hornaday)

Genus Sasa

This is a genus of compact, running bamboo of Japanese origin, including several cold-hardy varieties. Typical of dwarf bamboos, which usually grow under some forest canopy, most species of Sasa will do very well in the shade. Keep an eye out for S. veitchii with its luscious deep green foliage, or S. tsuboiana, a particularly robust ground cover that can get 5 or 6 feet tall.

If you’re looking for modestly-sized bamboo with a fascinating backstory, be sure to check out “Hiroshima Bamboo.” Hibanobambusa tranquillans, as we call it, grows well in the cold, shade, and even indoors.

Shiroshima Bamboo Hibanobambusa tranqillans
Hibanobambusa tranquillans ‘Shiroshima’ has beautiful stripes and a hardy temperment. (Photo by Fred Hornaday)

Genus Sasaella

This genus of dwarfish, running bamboo is native to Japan and includes a number of small, attractive shade-loving species. Sasaella masamuneana ‘Albostriata’ is one of the most interesting members of the genus. Albostriata means white stripe, and that’s exactly what you find in the leaves of this dainty but vigorous bamboo. It can also grow a bit hairy on the culms and around the base of the leaves. It’s cold hardy to about 0º F and thrives under limited sunlight.

Sasaella ramosa, pictured below, keeps a very low stature, seldom growing much more than a foot or so tall. Don’t plan to do any construction with this delicate specimen. But it makes for delightful groundcover, shade-loving, cold-hardy and quick to spread.

Sasaella ramosa in Berlin Germany
Sasaella ramosa at the Berlin Botanical Gardens. (Photo by Fred Hornaday)

Further reading

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PHOTO CREDIT: Bamboo in splintered sunlight (Retha Ferguson)